General Knowledge: GKabit – themedideas

  • Saturday, December 7th, 2013

Updated 04.01.2017.

This section includes questions on General Knowledge that would be useful for competitive examinations and interviews. Every year billions of candidates all over the world appear in various examinations. Some do that to progress through their academic career and achieve qualifications, ranging from primary to postgraduate. The others appear in competitive examinations to get a chance to be admitted in professional or educational courses, to get a job etc. In competitive examinations, the candidates are ranked according to their performance (marks obtained) and only the top few get a chance to fulfill their wisdom (professional or educational courses, jobs etc). While the “non-competitive” examinations to progress through academic career and achieve qualifications have a qualifying or pass mark, in a real sense, these are not “non-competitive” as the marks or grades obtained would have a significant impact on the subsequent career opportunities.

GKabit 1. Who was the first Black President of Democratic South Africa? (08.12.2013.)

Answer

Nelson Mandela became the first Black President of Democratic South Africa in 1994.

GKabit 2. Who was the US President just preceding Barack Obama’s present term?

Answer

Barak Obama himself when he was serving his first term . He is serving his second term at present.

Christmas Quiz (13.12.2013.)

GKabit 3. Jesus Christ was likely to be born  (13.12.2013.)

a) 2018 years ago

b) 2013 years ago

c) 2010 years ago

d) 2007 years ago

e) 2000 years ago

Answer

a) 2018 years ago

Jesus Christ was born between 6 and 4 BC, though some widen the range to 7–2 BC.

Reference

Dunn, James DG (2003). Jesus Remembered. Eerdmans Publishing. p. 324

DA Carson, Douglas J Moo and Leon Morris. An Introduction to the New Testament. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan Publishing House, 1992, 54, 56

Michael Grant, Jesus: An Historian’s Review of the Gospels, Scribner’s, 1977, p. 71. Ben Witherington III, “Primary Sources,” Christian History 17 (1998) No. 3:12–20.

GKabit 4. The date of birth of Jesus Christ was (16.12.2013.)

a) 25 March

b) 25 September

c) 25 November

d) 25 December

e) None of the above

Answer

e) None of the above

Jesus Christ was unlikely to be born on 25 December. The date, December 25, came from a festival celebrating the birthday of the ancient sun god Mithras. History shows that December 25 was popularized as the date for Christmas, not because Christ was born on that day, but because it was already popular in pagan religious celebrations as the birthday of the sun. “Lacking any scriptural pointers to Jesus’s birthday, early Christian teachers suggested dates all over the calendar. Clement…picked November 18. Hippolytus…figured Christ must have been born on a Wednesday…An anonymous document, believed to have been written in North Africa around A.D. 243, placed Jesus’s birth on March 28” (Joseph L. Sheler, U.S. News & World Report , “In Search of Christmas,” Dec. 23, 1996, p. 58). A careful analysis of Scripture, however, clearly indicates that December 25 couldn’t be the date for Christ’s birth. Here are two primary reasons: First, we know that shepherds were in the fields watching their flocks at the time of Jesus’ birth (Luke 2:7-8). Shepherds were not in the fields during December. According to Celebrations: The Complete Book of American Holidays , Luke’s account “suggests that Jesus may have been born in summer or early fall. Since December is cold and rainy in Judea, it is likely the shepherds would have sought shelter for their flocks at night” (p. 309). Second, Jesus’ parents came to Bethlehem to register in a Roman census (Luke 2:1-4). Such censuses were not taken in winter, when temperatures often dropped below freezing and roads were in poor condition. Taking a census under such conditions would have been self-defeating. Since Elizabeth (John’s mother) was in her sixth month of pregnancy when Jesus was conceived (Luke 1:24-36), we can determine the approximate time of year Jesus was born if we know when John was born. John’s father, Zacharias, was a priest serving in the Jerusalem temple during the course of Abijah (Luke 1:5). Historical calculations indicate this course of service corresponded to June 13-19 in that year ( The Companion Bible , 1974, Appendix 179, p. 200). It was during this time of temple service that Zacharias learned that he and his wife, Elizabeth, would have a child (Luke 1:8-13). After he completed his service and traveled home, Elizabeth conceived (Luke 1:23-24). Assuming John’s conception took place near the end of June, adding nine months brings us to the end of March as the most likely time for John’s birth. Adding another six months (the difference in ages between John and Jesus (Luke 1:35-36) brings us to the end of September as the likely time of Jesus’ birth. http://www.ucg.org/bible-faq/when-was-jesus-christ-born-was-jesus-born-december-25-christmas-day

GKabit 5. Christmas is being celebrated for approximately

a) 1000 years

b) 1995 years

c) 2000 years

d) 2013 years

e) 4000 years

Answer

e) 4000 years

In his 1997 book 4,000 Years of Christmas: A Gift From the Ages , Episcopal priest Earl Count enthusiastically relates historical connections between the exchanging of gifts on the 12 days of Christmas and customs originating in ancient, pagan Babylon. He shows that mistletoe was adopted from Druid mystery rituals and that Dec. 25 has more to do with the ancient Roman Saturnalia celebration than with Jesus. Familiar to early Christians was the Saturnalia, an ancient Roman festival celebrated during the last days of December in honor of Saturn, the god of agriculture. Many ancient religions conducted festivals at that time of year, the time of the winter solstice in the northern hemisphere, when days are the shortest, to appease the various gods to restore the sun and bring an end to winter. The Roman Saturnalia included drunkenness, debauchery and other practices diametrically opposed to the teachings of Christ. Yet this holiday would eventually develop into Christmas. What happened to change many Christians from Paul’s practice of abhorring and resisting pagan forms of worship to accepting and participating in such practices in the name of Jesus Christ? Tremendous forces pressured early Christians away from the apostles’ original instruction to avoid mixing idolatry with the worship of the true God. Thousands of pagans, while outwardly converting to Christianity, refused to give up the rituals and ceremonies of their former religious experiences.

http://www.ucg.org/mans-holidays/4000-years-christmas-origin/

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