Updated on 04.08.2016.
a) Father – 75% in male child
b) Maternal Grandfather – 25%
c) Mother – 50%
d) Maternal Grandmother – 100%
e) Paternal Grandmother – 15% in female child
The potential impact of the reversal of ‘one child policy’ in China
On the 29th October 2015, after 36 years since the implementation of ‘one child policy’, China has declared that the policy would be reversed for its citizens. Couples would be allowed to have up to two children. It would affect about 90 million Chinese families, but how many of them would contemplate to have a second child is uncertain. Ethnic minorities, rural families, and couples that were both only child themselves were already exempt from the one child policy existing rule. When the policy was relaxed in 2013 so that couples in whom one parent was an only child could have a second baby, only about 14% of the eligible 11 million couples showed their interests. The response was poorer in wealthy urban areas.1, 2 People in China have been used to a culture of one child for so many years that, psychologically, it would not be easy for them to change their mind-set to have more than one child. The present generations of couples in the reproductive age group have grown up with the concept of one child per family as ‘normal’ or ‘usual’. In addition, some couples consider having more than one child as too expensive to afford. Only time will tell how many of the eligible couples would contemplate to have a second child. While the actual increase in the number of deliveries of a second baby is uncertain, it is likely to be greater than what it is at present. It is more than likely to have substantial quantitative and qualitative impact on the health and social services, demography, social structures and relations, businesses, economy etc.
Scabit60. “Common traits of highly intelligent people”
Select the single best answer (SBA)
Scabit 69. A load of 100 kg is suspended from two slings with an internal angle of 120° between the slings at the anchor point. What would the load on each sling be?
a) 100 kg
b) 50 kg
c) 54 kg
d) 71 kg
e) 45 kg
Select the single best answer
Scabit 62. Which of the following is a mineral?
GKabit 16. A candidate went to attend an interview for an executive post in a multinational company. The interview panel told him that they wanted somebody who would be able to solve complex problems quickly. Then he was given a piece of paper with a mathematical puzzle and was asked to solve it within 3 minutes. He solved the puzzle within 3 minutes and was offered the job.
Could you solve the puzzle? It should not take more than 3 minutes for somebody good in mathematics.
Q. How would you prove that the left side is equal to 3?
3 + 3 – 3 ÷ 3 × 3 × 3 ÷ 3 – 3 + 3 + 3 = 3
Select the Single Best Answer (SBA)
Scabit41. Humans have the same number of chromosomes as
d) All of the above
e) None of the above
So many Astrophysicists became Professors or renowned worldwide by publishing their astonishing theories regarding “Blackholes”. There has been never ending arguments regarding the different characteristics of “Blackholes”. Now Stephen Hawking has sent the concept of “Blackholes” to “Blackholes”. Now it has become “Greyholes”.
Human cloning is on the verge of emerging as a feasible practicality in the future. It is no longer a thrilling wisdom of science fiction.
Sun rising or setting?
Or the Earth moving from the West to the East?
The significance of the shape of the pyramid is debated, but many scholars believe that the pyramids represent rays of the sun as seen coming down from behind a cloud. In mortuary temples, there are references to the soul of the king ascending along the ramp of the sun’s rays to the sun god himself.
It is possible that the shape of the pyramid was inspired by the shape of the mountain and it might have been considered that it would be easy for the dead to reach the God from a height (postulate).
There are many aspects of life that takes the shape of the pyramid when the relevant data are arranged. Whether that has anything to do with the concept regarding the shape of the pyramid is unknown.
The world population (>7 Billion, 2014), when arranged according to age groups e.g. 0-19 years, 20-39 years etc forms the shape of the pyramid.
Congratulations to the successful candidates who have benefited by reading this article.
Are you planning to appear in the Madhyamik Pariksha (West Bengal)? Do you want to prepare well? If you want to do better these guidance and tips would help you.
The Madhyamik Pariksha would be the biggest and most important examination you face at this stage of your life. The result would decide how your future career and life would be. Whether you do well or badly in this examination would change your life permanently for the better or worse. It is better to act responsibly now and grab every opportunity to do well in the examination, rather than repenting the rest of your life for not doing so, as millions of people have been doing. If you pass with a poor mark you would not be able to change that ever as you would not get another chance to improve your marks. You need to do well to get admission in good institutions for further studies in your chosen subjects. If you fail to do so that would affect the rest of your life permanently.
Every year billions of candidates all over the world appear in various examinations. Some do that to progress through their academic career and achieve qualifications, ranging from primary to postgraduate. The others appear in competitive examinations to get a chance to be admitted in professional or educational courses, to get a job etc. In competitive examinations, the candidates are ranked according to their performance (marks obtained) and only the top few get a chance to fulfill their wisdom (professional or educational courses, jobs etc). While the “non-competitive” examinations to progress through academic career and achieve qualifications have a qualifying or pass mark, in a real sense, these are not “non-competitive” as the marks or grades obtained would have a significant impact on the subsequent career opportunities. For example, entry into some of the professional or educational courses are based on the marks or grades obtained in previous examinations (such as the MBBS / MBChB courses in the UK). For the others a minimum marks or grades obtained in previous examinations are required to be eligible to get entry into those courses besides being successful in the respective competitive examinations (such as the MBBS / BDS / BE courses in India). Therefore, it is imperative that an organised, structured and efficient approach to prepare for the examinations is developed from the early stage of life.
If you get a Gold medal at any stage in your career
you would be a “Gold Medalist” throughout your life!
This article provides the candidates appearing in the Madhyamik Pariksha, with the techniques of preparing comprehensive and efficient lists of suggestive important topics on all subjects, that are most relevant to their examination, to improve their performance and achieve Success in the examination.
These techniques provide the candidates with a comprehensive list of topics covering the whole syllabus that would help them using their reading or preparation time more efficiently and thereby, maximise their chances of achieving higher marks in the examination. This is in contrast to a short or small list of suggestions of “hot topics” that is speculative and would more likely lead the candidates to disaster in the examination as most speculative actions do. Remember, “hot topics” are like “hot air” above the oven that disappears very quickly, and in case you are unlucky you might burn your hand if you try to grasp it.
In addition to the techniques of preparing a comprehensive and efficient list of suggestions, the techniques of “How to prepare for the Madhyamik Pariksha” and “Tips on the Answering Strategies for the Madhyamik Pariksha” have also been included here for the benefit of the candidates. These techniques have been used successfully over the years to increase the efficiency of the preparation for the examination and achieve higher marks. The candidates would definitely improve their performance in the examination if they could implement these techniques appropriately. By following these techniques they would have an edge over the other candidates taking the examination.
These guidance and tips on the “Madhyamik Pariksha, West Bengal – India: The Secrets of Preparation, Suggestions and achieving Success” include:
1. What is tested in an examination and how you could improve your efficiency (marks per hour of preparation)?
2. The secrets of success in the Madhyamik Pariksha, West Bengal, India.
3. How to score higher marks in the Madhyamik Pariksha, West Bengal,India?
4. How to prepare really useful suggestions for the Madhyamik Pariksha, West Bengal, India?
5. What are the advantages of the techniques discussed here for the Madhyamik Pariksha, West Bengal,India?
6. How to use the suggestions for the Madhyamik Pariksha, West Bengal, India?
7. How to use the time available before the Madhyamik Pariksha, West Bengal, India more efficiently?
8. How to prepare well for the Madhyamik Pariksha, West Bengal, India?
9. Tips on the Answering Strategies for the Madhyamik Pariksha, West Bengal, India.
10. Why other candidates’ marks in the Madhyamik Pariksha, West Bengal, India are important to you?
Best Examination Tips – Madhyamik Pariksha,
West Bengal – India:
The Secrets of Preparation, Suggestions and achieving Success
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Best Examination Tips – Madhyamik Pariksha,
West Bengal – India:
The Secrets of preparing Suggestions and achieving Success
These methods are applicable to all formats of Questions
There is a difference between having knowledge and its efficient implementation in practice. Wise people do not necessarily would do very well in the examinations. A person with a lot of knowledge about football would not necessarily be an excellent footballer as that requires other technical skills and use of judgment on the field that implements the knowledge into practice. Abundance of Sunlight does not provide practically usable “solar energy” unless it is converted to electricity by the solar cells.
To be successful in an examination you need to understand what is tested. In an examination your ability to answer a particular question correctly is tested. While this requires factual knowledge, what is tested is how do you use that knowledge to answer a particular question correctly. This requires several skills such as ability to focus, ability to analyse, ability to think clearly, ability to use judgement properly, ability to compose, precision, decision making, management, assertiveness, communication etc. Some other skills such as hand-writing (quality and speed), hand-eye co-ordination, audio-visual, IT etc would be relevant in some of the examinations.
The majority of the candidates only concentrate on reading as much as possible and ignore the other skills required to achieve success in the examinations. While reading too much would make them wiser about the subject but miser about performing and getting marks in the examinations. It is an inefficient method (marks obtained per unit time of reading) to score marks in the examinations. For a particular level of marks the amount of reading would have to be substantially higher compared with an efficient method of preparation where the techniques to score higher marks are incorporated and successfully implemented in the examinations. This is very simple. Suppose, a person knows theoretically that to win a football match his team needs to score more goals than the opposition. He also knows theoretically how to score goals and prevent the opposition from scoring goals. Would the person keep on increasing his theoretical knowledge about football to the post-Doctoral level or prepare strategies about the forthcoming match, and put on his boots to practise playing football? There is no alternative to practise what you have to do in the examination. You could only improve the efficiency of your efforts and perform well if you acquire the skills that are tested in the examination. You cannot do that by reading only. You have to use the techniques to improve your efficiency and one of them is practising in an examination setting. There are many other techniques you could follow to increase the marks.
Whether somebody would achieve success in the examination depends basically on two factors, luck and efficient work (not working hard blindly). To be successful, one needs both. While one cannot control his or her luck, he or she could always try to prepare for the examination efficiently. Therefore, one’s success in the examination would vary depending on how efficiently he or she plans and prepares for the examination.
If you want a fail-safe mechanism, there is no place of short-cut or corner-cutting. You need to have a comprehensive and efficient method of preparation. An hour of planning can save two of misdirected work. It is an illusion that there is not enough time. The reality is that the time available is mismanaged. It is not necessarily true that the harder you work, the more you will get done. Instead, the more effectively you work, the more you will get done.
The efforts required to achieve marks increases disproportionately as the marks achieved increases (the pink line in the graph below; the numbers are symbolic). The efforts to achieve an increase in marks by 10% from 70% to 80% (14.29% actual increase on 70%) would be substantially higher than that required to achieve an increase in marks by 10% from 10% to 20% (100% actual increase on 10%). If the efforts required to achieve similar increase in marks (in percentages) at any level of marks achieved were directly proportional to the increase in marks (in percentages) the graph would have been linear (the yellow line). This fact needs to be well understood and accepted by the candidates during preparation for their examination.
To be successful in any examination you need to know about the standard required for and the style of the examination from the examining body or other sources, as this greatly influences your method of preparation. Ask people who have taken the examination for advice about how to approach it. Analyse their opinions (which would vary) and make your own way of approach.
There has been a tendency to repeat examination questions or topics. Collect previous questions for at least the last 10 years from the examining body (if available) or from previous candidates or other sources. This would give you a clear idea about the standard and style of the questions. Collecting questions that appeared in the examinations that are too old might not be that useful. If there has been any significant change in the format of the examination in the recent past, then give more emphasis on the questions that have appeared since the change in the format.
The next and most important step would be
to prepare a list of chapters or topics
according to their importance for the Madhyamik Pariksha
Separate lists of chapters or topics should be prepared for each format as the chapters or topics of importance are different for different formats of the examination. The chapters or topics that are more common or important in the Essay format would not be the same as those in the Short, Objective or Multiple Choice Questions format as what is tested is different for different formats. Remember this when you prepare the list and that is one of the reasons for the preparation of separate lists for each format. It would help you decide what type of questions come from which chapter.
For each format you would find that some of the chapters or topics are more common than others and have appeared in the examination more frequently. Some chapters or topics, on the other hand, would be found very infrequently.
Steps to prepare the list of Suggestions
1. Write down the name of the chapters from a standard text book on the subject with serial numbers (1, 2, 3 etc) on the left side of an A4 page.
2. Record the year against the name of the chapters when a question from that particular chapter appeared. Occasionally you might find more than one question from a chapter appeared in the same examination. In that case record the year the same number of times as the questions.
3. Once you have completed recording from all the question papers, count how many times a question appeared from each chapter and record it on the right side of the page against the name of the chapters. Now calculate the percentage of questions in each chapter out of the total number of questions you recorded and record it within first bracket after the number of times a question appeared (already done) against the name of the chapters.
The number of times a question appeared from Chapter 1 = 10
The total number of questions recorded = 100
The percentage of questions appeared from Chapter 1 = 10/100 = 10%
4. Now re-write the name of the chapters with serial numbers (1, 2, 3 etc) on the left side of an A4 page according to their ranking. The chapter with the maximum number of questions (and percentage) appearing in the examination in the past would be the first (1), the chapter with the next number of questions (and percentage) would be the second (2) and so on.
5. Once completed it would be the comprehensive list of chapters. There might be some chapters without any questions in each format.
6. The chapters with questions appearing in all formats of your examination would be the most important and core chapters you could not skip reading under any circumstances.
7. For each chapter, you would find similar trends regarding different topics for different formats. Now you prepare a topic-based list for each chapter following the same method as followed for the chapters.
The advantages of making a list of chapters or topics
1. The actual workload would be known. It would be easier to make an efficient plan regarding how to deal with the workload. It would also reduce the fear of the unknown that would have happened otherwise when the actual workload is unknown.
2. The most important chapters or topics would be evident. Therefore, the energy could be directed towards the most productive areas that would increase efficiency (marks obtained per unit / hour of reading or preparation). This is one of the important benefits of making a list of topics according to the ranking of their importance in relevance to the examination.
3. As you go through the list you could assess your progress and modify your plan accordingly, depending on your progress so far. With your progress recorded on the list it is very easy to modify the plan in relation to the workload and time as you could assess how long you have been spending to prepare each chapter or topic.
4. Once you have completed your preparation on all the chapters or topics on the list you would feel confident that you have not missed any relevant chapters or topics in the syllabus. A confident candidate usually performs better in an examination compared with an in-confident or anxious candidate. The self-confidence would definitely boost your performance in the examination.
5. You could add the percentages against each chapter or topic and find out how much of the total questions you have covered. You could vary this according to your individual requirements and target marks you would like to achieve in the examination.
6. It is easier to recall information that is fed in a systematic order to the brain. This is a very important issue. If you read the same number of topics over a period of same duration, it would be easier for you to recall facts from your memory if you have read the topics in a systematic manner (or in an order) compared with reading them without any sort of order (haphazardly).
How to use the Suggestions
1. During your preparation, give more emphasis on the most common chapters or topics. You need to know these in and out.
2. Ideally you should prepare well for at least 80-90% of the total questions. This would vary depending on your individual requirements and target marks you would like to achieve in the examination. For high flyers even sky would not be the limit. They should prepare 100% of the total questions and also prepare for extra relevant topics.
3. What percentages of the questions you cover during the days just before your examination would depend on a number of factors such as the pass marks or marks you want to achieve, time available before the examination day (the time available in days / hours before the examination / between the multiple subjects), volume of the chapters or topics, your speed and capacity of reading or preparation etc.
4. During the time around the examination
i> As a rough guide, divide the time (hours, days etc) available just before the examination into three approximately equal parts (33.33% each).
ii> Divide the chapters or topics on your list of suggestions into three approximately equal parts (33.33% each) as well.
Iii> During the first part: Prepare / read the last chapters or topics from the bottom of your list of chapters or topics (questions that appeared in the past with the least frequency)
iv> During the second part: Prepare / read the next 33.33% from the middle part of your list of chapters or topics (questions that appeared in the past with a medium frequency)
v> During the third part (closest to the examination): Prepare / read the top 33.33% from the first part of your list of chapters or topics (questions that appeared in the past with the highest frequency).
vi> You need to adjust this rough guide according to your individual situation and requirements.
How to prepare for the Madhyamik Pariksha
1. Once you have prepared the comprehensive list of chapters or topics, it is time to plan your method of preparation and study timetable. This would be the tool that would guide you accurately during your preparation for the examination. Be patient, spend some time thinking and try to make it as comprehensive as possible. It should be feasible and practical as well.
2. Write down a routine for studying or preparation on a daily basis, including the time and exact chapters or topics and format of questions to cover. Make a photocopy and keep it on your study table. Keep the original in a safe place.
3. Once the preparation on a chapter or topic is complete tick (√) against it on your study-routine and the list of chapters or topics.
4. Assess your progress daily and modify your plan accordingly. After few days you should be able to assess the rate of progress fairly accurately. If your progress differs substantially from your initial study-plan re-write your study timetable.
5. As a rough guide, divide the available days, leaving two weeks just before the examination, into six parts.
6. Keep the first three parts to go through all the syllabus and to make notes on the chapters or topics with more emphasis on the most common chapters or topics. Going through all the syllabus at least once might save you from a disaster if a very uncommon question comes in the examination. This has happened so many times to so many candidates ruining their subsequent career that it is better to be cautious rather than casual.
7. During the next two parts go through your notes and make necessary amendments in the notes. Re-assess your study timetable and re-write it if necessary. Re-assessment is a very important part of the process. You need to make changes to your plan if it is required.
8. In the final sixth part go through your notes, study materials, books etc in a reverse order (starting from the bottom towards the top) of your comprehensive list of chapters or topics so that you would read the most important chapters or topics just before the examination. As questions from these chapters or topics are the most likely to be asked about, they should be freshest in your memory.
9. Keep the two weeks just before the examination as a reserve so that you could use this period as required depending on your preparation till then. Start to practise sleeping well and avoiding late nights during this period if you have not been doing that. It takes time to change habits and the body to adjust to changes. Unless you start it in time it might be too late to change habits.
10. From the day before till the examination, avoid reading too much. Try to think about the outline of the answers. If you have any doubts then just check that part from your notes, study materials, books etc, but do not try to read too much. It would jam your brain with too much of data and reduce your ability to think freely that might lead to thought block and mistakes in the examination. The ability to think freely would be the most important thing required during the examination, not too much of knowledge. It would be similar to what happens to the computer when you work with too much of data without giving it any break (shutting down), the RAM becomes full and the computer hangs. It would be better if you collect and store the data in your hard disc (brain) over a longer period of time and keep the RAM (brain’s ability to think freely and pull data from its store) relatively free. You must have a quickly functioning brain during the examination. For that matter you must sleep well the night before.
Tips on the Answering Strategies for the Madhyamik Pariksha
1. It is easier to score higher marks in the science papers.
2. Always answer the questions you are sure about the answers, first.
3. Never ever get stuck with one question, time is very important.
4. It would be better to answer the objective questions first before proceeding to the descriptive questions.
(For Examination and Answering Techniques read articles on those subjects.)
Why other candidates’ marks in the Madhyamik Pariksha,
are important to you?
An extra mark scored by any other candidate taking the examination means you need to get an extra mark to keep the difference in your performance with him or her the same. The better the other candidate does the more your performance would be devalued. Therefore, your aim should be to improve your performance not others as then you lose the advantage you get by planning efficiently.
Thank you for reading
Best of Luck for the exam
Plan & Prepare efficiently
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© Dr Sudipta Paul, themedideas.com, 2013