Best Examination Questions: Obstetrics & Gynaecology – SBAOG Bank Module 1

  • Tuesday, January 6th, 2015

6. Regarding the femoral triangle the following is correct

A. The superior boundary is formed by the inguinal canal

B. The medial boundary is formed by the lateral border of the adductor longus muscle

C. The lateral boundary is formed by the lateral border of the sartorius muscle

D. Its floor is formed by the iliopsoas and adductor longus muscles medially and muscle pectineus laterally

E. Its roof is formed by the fascia lata except at the saphenous opening where it is formed by the cribriform fascia

Answer

E. Its roof is formed by the fascia lata except at the saphenous opening where it is formed by the cribriform fascia

7. Regarding the contents of the femoral triangle, from lateral to medial, the following is incorrect

A. Femoral nerve and its (terminal) branches

B. Femoral sheath and its contents

C. Femoral artery and several of its branches

D. Femoral vein and its proximal tributaries (e.g., the great saphenous and deep femoral veins)

E. Superficial inguinal lymph nodes and associated lymphatic vessels

Answer

E. Superficial inguinal lymph nodes and associated lymphatic vessels (c.f. deep inguinal lymph nodes)

8. Regarding the uterus the following is correct

A. The length of the cavity is about 4 cm

B. The weight of a nulliparous uterus is about 30 gm

C. Anteflexion is defined as the angle between the axis of the uterus and that of the cervix opening anteriorly

D. Anteversion is defined as the angle between the axis of the uterus and that of the vagina opening anteriorly

E. The incidence of retroversion/ retroflexion is about 30%

Answer

C. Anteflexion is defined as the angle between the axis of the uterus and that of the cervix opening anteriorly

9. Regarding the uterus the following is correct

A. The most fixed part is the portio vaginalis of the cervix because of attachment of the transverse cervical ligaments

B. In erect posture the external os lies at the level of the tip of ischial spines

C. The isthmus is the part between the histological internal os above and the anatomical internal os below

D. The isthmus increases 10 times to form the lower segment in late pregnancy and labour

E. The ureter crosses the uterine vessels about 3 cm lateral to the internal os Answer

B. In erect posture the external os lies at the level of the tip of ischial spines

10. Regarding the uterus the following is correct

A. The submucous layer contains elastic tissues only

B. The ureter crosses the uterine vessels about 2 cm lateral to the external os

C. The endometrial glands are covered with ciliated columnar cells

D. The myometrium shows cyclical histological changes during menstrual cycle

E. The inner layer of muscles is called ‘physiological living ligature’ as it controls haemorrhage following childbirth

Answer

D. The myometrium shows cyclical histological changes during menstrual cycle

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