Updated on 25.12.2016.
a) It is associated with increased risk of heart attacks
b) About 1 billion people are affected
c) It is associated with increased risk of depression
d) Its daily requirement above the age of 71 years is 600 IU
e) It is associated with muscle weakness and joint pain
a) Father – 75% in male child
b) Maternal Grandfather – 25%
c) Mother – 50%
d) Maternal Grandmother – 100%
e) Paternal Grandmother – 15% in female child
a) Glial cell
b) Lense fibre cell
Scabit44. Use of the mobile to text could damage your spine
Quotabit 33. Clear Mind
“To be a successful human being
A mind clear from the clouds of all prejudices in relation to
Race, religion, country, social class, literacy, gender, financial status, political belief etc
Is essential. Otherwise,
The mind would not be able to receive the “lights” from “Life”
To enlighten the soul
As the Earth fails to receive the Sunlight properly
If the atmosphere is unclear due to pollution, clouds or fog.”
Are you preparing for the MBBS, MD or any other medical Examination? If you want to do better these guidance and tips would help you.
*Press release: A new SUN rises in Malaysian Medicine
*Medical Qualifications in various countries
*MBBS Course in Newcastle University Medicine (NUMed) Malaysia
*Undergraduate Medical Education in the USA
The MBBS, MD or any other medical Examination would be the biggest and most important examination you face at this stage of your life. The result could decide how your subsequent career and life would be. Whether you do well or badly in the examination could change your life subsequently for the better or worse. It is better to act responsibly now and grab every opportunity to do well in the examination, rather than repenting the rest of your life for not doing so, as thousands of people have been doing. You should try your best to pass at the first attempt with as high marks as possible as that would have some bearing on the opportunities you get subsequently.
Every year billions of candidates all over the world appear in various examinations. Some do that to progress through their academic career and achieve qualifications, ranging from primary to postgraduate. The others appear in competitive examinations to get a chance to be admitted in professional or educational courses, to get a job etc. In competitive examinations, the candidates are ranked according to their performance (marks obtained) and only the top few get a chance to fulfill their wisdom (professional or educational courses, jobs etc). While the “non-competitive” examinations to progress through academic career and achieve qualifications have a qualifying or pass mark, in a real sense, these are not “non-competitive” as the marks or grades obtained would have a significant impact on the subsequent career opportunities. For example, entry into some of the professional or educational courses are based on the marks or grades obtained in previous examinations (such as the MBBS / MBChB courses in the UK). For the others a minimum marks or grades obtained in previous examinations are required to be eligible to get entry into those courses besides being successful in the respective competitive examinations (such as the MBBS / BDS / BE courses in India). Therefore, it is imperative that an organised, structured and efficient approach to prepare for the examinations is developed from the early stage of life.
If you get a Gold medal at any stage in your career
you would be a “Gold Medalist” throughout your life!
This article provides the candidates preparing for the MBBS, MD or any other medical Examination, with the techniques of preparation, making comprehensive, efficient and most relevant lists of suggestive important topics on all subjects, improving their performance and achieving success in the examination.
The techniques of making comprehensive, efficient and most relevant lists of suggestive important topics on all subjects provide the candidates with a comprehensive list of topics covering the whole syllabus that would help them using their reading or preparation time more efficiently and thereby, maximise their chances of achieving higher marks in the examination. This is in contrast to a short or small list of suggestions of “hot topics” that is speculative and would more likely lead the candidates to disaster in the examination as most speculative actions do. Remember, “hot topics” are like “hot air” above the oven that disappears very quickly, and in case you are unlucky you might burn your hand if you try to grasp it.
In addition to the techniques of preparing a comprehensive and efficient list of suggestions, the techniques of “How to prepare for the MBBS & MD examinations” and “Tips on the Answering Strategies for the MBBS & MD examinations” have also been included here for the benefit of the candidates. These techniques have been used successfully over the years to increase the efficiency of the preparation for the examination and achieve higher marks. The candidates would definitely improve their performance in the examination if they could implement these techniques appropriately. By following these techniques they would have an edge over the other candidates taking the examination.
These guidance and tips on “Best Examination Tips – MBBS & MD Examinations: The Secrets of Preparation, Suggestions and Success” include:
1. The secrets of success in the MBBS & MD Examinations.
2. How to score higher marks in the MBBS & MD Examinations?
3. How to prepare really useful suggestions for the MBBS & MD Examinations?
4. What are the advantages of the techniques discussed here for the MBBS & MD Examinations?
5. How to use the suggestions for the MBBS & MD Examinations?
6. How to use the time available before the MBBS & MD Examinationsmore efficiently?
7. How to prepare well for the MBBS & MD Examinations?
8. Tips on the Answering Strategies for the MBBS & MD Examinations.
9. Why other candidates’ marks in the MBBS & MD Examinations are important to you?
Best Examination Tips – MBBS & MD Examinations:
The Secrets of Preparation, Suggestions and Success
Important Notes from themedideas.com
This is an article on the techniques of the preparation for Examination published by themedideas.com to help the candidates improve their understanding. It is not guaranteed that the candidates would pass any particular Examination by reading this article only. The discussions are not exhaustive on the topics covered. These aim to highlight the important relevant aspects of the topics rather than every minute detail, which is outside the scope of this article.
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Best Examination Tips – MBBS & MD Examinations :
The Secrets of Preparation, Suggestions and Success
These methods are applicable to all formats of Questions
There is a difference between having knowledge and its efficient implementation in practice. Wise people do not necessarily would do very well in the examinations. A person with a lot of knowledge about football would not necessarily be an excellent footballer as that requires other technical skills and use of judgment on the field that implements the knowledge into practice. Abundance of Sunlight does not provide practically usable “solar energy” unless it is converted to electricity by the solar cells.
To be successful in an examination you need to understand what is tested. In an examination your ability to answer a particular question correctly is tested. While this requires factual knowledge, what is tested is how do you use that knowledge to answer a particular question correctly. This requires several skills such as ability to focus, ability to analyse, ability to think clearly, ability to use judgement properly, ability to compose, precision, decision making, management, assertiveness, communication etc. Some other skills such as hand-writing (quality and speed), hand-eye co-ordination, audio-visual, IT etc would be relevant in some of the examinations.
The majority of the candidates only concentrate on reading as much as possible and ignore the other skills required to achieve success in the examinations. While reading too much would make them wiser about the subject but miser about performing and getting marks in the examinations. It is an inefficient method (marks obtained per unit time of reading) to score marks in the examinations. For a particular level of marks the amount of reading would have to be substantially higher compared with an efficient method of preparation where the techniques to score higher marks are incorporated and successfully implemented in the examinations. This is very simple. Suppose, a person knows theoretically that to win a football match his team needs to score more goals than the opposition. He also knows theoretically how to score goals and prevent the opposition from scoring goals. Would the person keep on increasing his theoretical knowledge about football to the post-Doctoral level or prepare strategies about the forthcoming match, and put on his boots to practise playing football? There is no alternative to practising what you have to do in the examination. You could only improve the efficiency of your efforts and perform well if you acquire the skills that are tested in the examination. You cannot do that by reading only. You have to use the techniques to improve your efficiency and one of them is to practise in an examination setting.
Whether somebody would achieve success in the examination depends basically on two factors, luck and efficient work (not working hard blindly). To be successful, one needs both. While one cannot control his or her luck, he or she could always try to prepare for the examination efficiently. Therefore, one’s success in the examination would vary depending on how efficiently he or she plans and prepares for the examination.
If you want a fail-safe mechanism, there is no place of short-cut or corner-cutting. You need to have a comprehensive and efficient method of preparation. An hour of planning can save two of misdirected work. It is an illusion that there is not enough time. The reality is that the time available is mismanaged. It is not necessarily true that the harder you work, the more you will get done. Instead, the more effectively you work, the more you will get done.
The efforts required to achieve marks increases disproportionately as the marks achieved increases (the pink line in the graph below; the numbers are symbolic). The efforts to achieve an increase in marks by 10% from 70% to 80% (14.29% actual increase on 70%) would be substantially higher than that required to achieve an increase in marks by 10% from 10% to 20% (100% actual increase on 10%). If the efforts required to achieve similar increase in marks (in percentages) at any level of marks achieved were directly proportional to the increase in marks (in percentages) the graph would have been linear (the yellow line). This fact needs to be well understood and accepted by the candidates during preparation for their examination.
To be successful in any examination you need to know about the standard required for and the style of the examination from the examining body or other sources, as this greatly influences your method of preparation. Ask people who have taken the examination for advice about how to approach it. Analyse their opinions (which would vary) and make your own way of approach.
There has been a tendency to repeat examination questions or topics. Collect previous questions for at least the last 10 years from the examining body (if available) or from previous candidates or other sources. This would give you a clear idea about the standard and style of the questions. Collecting questions that appeared in the examinations that are too old might not be that useful. If there has been any significant change in the format of the examination in the recent past, then give more emphasis on the questions that have appeared since the change in the format.
The next and most important step would be
to prepare a list of chapters or topics
according to their importance for
the MBBS & MD Examinations
Separate lists of chapters or topics should be prepared for each subject. For each subject you would find that some of the chapters or topics are more common than others and have appeared in the examination more frequently. Some chapters or topics, on the other hand, would be found very infrequently.
For each subject separate lists of chapters or topics should be prepared for each format as the chapters or topics of importance are different for different formats of the examination. The chapters or topics that are more common or important in the Essay format would not be the same as those in the Short or Objective format as what is tested is different for different formats. Remember this when you prepare the list and that is one of the reasons for the preparation of separate lists for each format. It would help you decide what type of questions come from which chapter.
For each format you would find that some of the chapters or topics are more common than others and have appeared in the examination more frequently. Some chapters or topics, on the other hand, would be found very infrequently.
Steps to prepare the list of Suggestions
1. Write down the name of the chapters from a standard text book on the subject with serial numbers (1, 2, 3 etc) on the left side of an A4 page.
2. Record the year against the name of the chapters when a question from that particular chapter appeared. Occasionally you might find more than one question from a chapter appeared in the same examination. In that case record the year the same number of times as the questions.
3. Once you have completed recording from all the question papers, count how many times a question appeared from each chapter and record it on the right side of the page against the name of the chapters. Now calculate the percentage of questions in each chapter out of the total number of questions you recorded and record it within first bracket after the number of times a question appeared (already done) against the name of the chapters.
The number of times a question appeared from Chapter 1 = 10
The total number of questions recorded = 100
The percentage of questions appeared from Chapter 1 = 10/100 = 10%
4. Now re-write the name of the chapters with serial numbers (1, 2, 3 etc) on the left side of an A4 page according to their ranking. The chapter with the maximum number of questions (and percentage) appearing in the examination in the past would be the first (1), the chapter with the next number of questions (and percentage) would be the second (2) and so on.
5. Once completed it would be the comprehensive list of chapters. There might be some chapters without any questions in each format.
6. The chapters with questions appearing in all formats of your examination would be the most important and core chapters you could not skip reading under any circumstances.
7. For each chapter, you would find similar trends regarding different topics for different formats. Now you prepare a topic-based list for each chapter following the same method as followed for the chapters.
The advantages of making a list of chapters or topics
1. The actual workload would be known. It would be easier to make an efficient plan regarding how to deal with the workload. It would also reduce the fear of the unknown that would have happened otherwise when the actual workload is unknown.
2. The most important chapters or topics would be evident. Therefore, the energy could be directed towards the most productive areas that would increase efficiency (marks obtained per unit / hour of reading or preparation). This is one of the important benefits of making a list of topics according to the ranking of their importance in relevance to the examination.
3. As you go through the list you could assess your progress and modify your plan accordingly, depending on your progress so far. With your progress recorded on the list it is very easy to modify the plan in relation to the workload and time as you could assess how long you have been spending to prepare each chapter or topic.
4. Once you have completed your preparation on all the chapters or topics on the list you would feel confident that you have not missed any relevant chapters or topics in the syllabus. A confident candidate usually performs better in an examination compared with an in-confident or anxious candidate. The self-confidence would definitely boost your performance in the examination.
5. You could add the percentages against each chapter or topic and find out how much of the total questions you have covered. You could vary this according to your individual requirements and target marks you would like to achieve in the examination.
6. It is easier to recall information that is fed in a systematic order to the brain. This is a very important issue. If you read the same number of topics over a period of same duration, it would be easier for you to recall facts from your memory if you have read the topics in a systematic manner (or in an order) compared with reading them without any sort of order (haphazardly).
How to use the Suggestions
1. During your preparation, give more emphasis on the most common chapters or topics. You need to know these in and out.
2. Ideally you should prepare well for at least 80-90% of the total questions. This would vary depending on your individual requirements and target marks you would like to achieve in the examination. For high flyers even sky would not be the limit. They should prepare 100% of the total questions and also prepare for extra relevant topics.
3. What percentages of the questions you cover during the days just before your examination would depend on a number of factors such as the pass marks or marks you want to achieve, time available before the examination day (the time available in days / hours before the examination / between the multiple subjects), volume of the chapters or topics, your speed and capacity of reading or preparation etc.
4. During the time around the examination
i> As a rough guide, divide the time (hours, days etc) available just before the examination into three approximately equal parts (33.33% each).
ii> Divide the chapters or topics on your list of suggestions into three approximately equal parts (33.33% each) as well.
Iii> During the first part: Prepare / read the last chapters or topics from the bottom of your list of chapters or topics (questions that appeared in the past with the least frequency)
iv> During the second part: Prepare / read the next 33.33% from the middle part of your list of chapters or topics (questions that appeared in the past with a medium frequency)
v> During the third part (closest to the examination): Prepare / read the top 33.33% from the first part of your list of chapters or topics (questions that appeared in the past with the highest frequency).
vi> You need to adjust this rough guide according to your individual situation and requirements.
How to prepare for the MBBS & MD examinations
1. Once you have prepared the comprehensive list of chapters or topics, it is time to plan your method of preparation and study timetable. This would be the tool that would guide you accurately during your preparation for the examination. Be patient, spend some time thinking and try to make it as comprehensive as possible. It should be feasible and practical as well.
2. Write down a routine for studying or preparation on a daily basis, including the time and exact chapters or topics and format of questions to cover. Make a photocopy and keep it on your study table. Keep the original in a safe place.
3. Once the preparation on a chapter or topic is complete tick (√) against it on your study-routine and the list of chapters or topics.
4. Assess your progress daily and modify your plan accordingly. After few days you should be able to assess the rate of progress fairly accurately. If your progress differs substantially from your initial study-plan re-write your study timetable.
5. As a rough guide, divide the available days, leaving two weeks just before the examination, into six parts.
6. Keep the first three parts to go through all the syllabus and to make notes on the chapters or topics with more emphasis on the most common chapters or topics. Going through all the syllabus at least once might save you from a disaster if a very uncommon question comes in the examination. This has happened so many times to so many candidates ruining their subsequent career that it is better to be cautious rather than casual.
7. During the next two parts go through your notes and make necessary amendments in the notes. Re-assess your study timetable and re-write it if necessary. Re-assessment is a very important part of the process. You need to make changes to your plan if it is required.
8. In the final sixth part go through your notes, study materials, books etc in a reverse order (starting from the bottom towards the top) of your comprehensive list of chapters or topics so that you would read the most important chapters or topics just before the examination. As questions from these chapters or topics are the most likely to be asked about, they should be freshest in your memory.
9. Keep the two weeks just before the examination as a reserve so that you could use this period as required depending on your preparation till then. Start to practise sleeping well and avoiding late nights during this period if you have not been doing that. It takes time to change habits and the body to adjust to changes. Unless you start it in time it might be too late to change habits.
10. From the day before till the examination, avoid reading too much. Try to think about the outline of the answers. If you have any doubts then just check that part from your notes, study materials, books etc, but do not try to read too much. It would jam your brain with too much of data and reduce your ability to think freely that might lead to thought block and mistakes in the examination. The ability to think freely would be the most important thing required during the examination, not too much of knowledge. It would be similar to what happens to the computer when you work with too much of data without giving it any break (shutting down), the RAM becomes full and the computer hangs. It would be better if you collect and store the data in your hard disc (brain) over a longer period of time and keep the RAM (brain’s ability to think freely and pull data from its store) relatively free. You must have a quickly functioning brain during the examination. For that matter you must sleep well the night before.
Tips on the Answering Strategies for the MBBS & MD Examinations
1. Always try to answer as many questions as possible.
2. Have a clear plan about how much time you would spend for each type of questions (depending on their nature and the marks allotted to them).
3. Be democratic and be fair to all types of questions. Do not neglect a particular section.
4. It would be better to answer the objective questions first before proceeding to the descriptive ones.
5. Take the question at its face value. Do not try to find any hidden meaning.
6. Always answer the questions you are sure about the answers, first.
7. Do not waste time in thinking about the answers of the uncommon questions before you answer the ones you know about.
8. Never ever get stuck with one question, time is very important.
9. Always read the question properly and answer the “question”. The marks allotted are for answering that “question”, not for anything irrelevant that you might know a lot about.
10. Always, Always, Always revise before you leave.
(For Examination and Answering Techniques in detail read articles on those subjects.)
Why other candidates’ marks in
the MBBS & MD Examinations are important to you?
An extra mark scored by any other candidate taking the examination means you need to get an extra mark to keep the difference in your performance with him or her the same. The better the other candidate does the more your performance would be devalued. Therefore, your aim should be to improve your performance not others as then you lose the advantage you get by planning efficiently.
Thank you for reading
Best of Luck for the exam
Plan & Prepare efficiently
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Nusajaya, 4 July 2013 – The nation’s leading medical experts and educators gathered today to share the latest developments in healthcare training in Malaysia. Over 100 specialists attended the second day of an inaugural national conference that discussed innovations in the use of patient simulation. The two day Simulation User Network (SUN) meeting was held at Newcastle University Medicine Malaysia (NUMed), a leading British university, which uses several cutting edge patient simulation products at its state-of-the-art campus in Nusajaya.
*MBBS Course in Newcastle University Medicine (NUMED) Malaysia
The overall cost of obtaining Newcastle University medical degrees in Malaysia is around 40 percent less than the cost of obtaining the same degrees in the UK.
A single inclusive fee is charged to cover the costs of tuition, library, laboratory, placements, examination, administration fees, and all other academic-related charges.
Fees 2013 – 2014
- Malaysian Students RM90,000 per annum, for each of the five years of the programme
- International Students RM100,000 per (about $33000 or Rs 18 lacs) annum, for each of the five years of the programme
The fees do not include the cost of living accommodation. There is a range of accommodation at varying prices for you to choose from either at the adjacent International Student Village in EduCity or elsewhere. View indicative secure accommodation costs adjacent to the NUMed Malaysia campus.
Find out about scholarships and financial assistance.
The median cost of private undergraduate medical course in the USA is about $70000 per year.
*Undergraduate Medical Education in the USA
The median costs of Medical School in the USA in 2013 are $278,000 (private) and $207868 for 4 years. The students usually take a student loan (with 6-7% pa interest) and they repay that when they start working that does not happen just after 4 years, and the majority of them have been having difficulty with repaying the huge loan for years. There is no option to declare bankruptcy on a student loan.
MedicalSchool at $278,000 Means Even Bernanke Son Has Debt. By Janet Lorin – Apr 11, 2013. http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2013-04-11/medical-school-at-278-000-means-even-bernanke-son-carries-debt.html
[expand title=”Medical Qualifications in various countries“]
Albania – MD
Argentina – MD, MS
Australia – MBBS, BMBS, Bmed, Mmed, DRANZCOG, MRANZCOG
Bahrain – MB/BCh BAO
Bangladesh – MBBS, MD, FCPS, Mphil, MS
Belarus – MD
Belgium – MD
Bolivia – MD
Bosnia and Herzegovina – MD
Brazil – Physician
Bulgaria – MD
Bulgaria – MM, MP
Canada – MD, MDCM
Caribbean (West Indies) – MBBS, MD
Chile – MD
Croatia – MD
Denmark – cand.med., MD
Dominican Republic – MD
East Africa – Mmed
Egypt – MBBCh
El Salvador – MD
Finland – LM
France – DCEM, DES, MD
Germany – Arzt, Dr. Med, Dr. rer nat, Facharzt, Physician
Ghana – MBChB
Greece – Ptychio latrikes, MD
Guyana – MD
Haiti – MD
Hong Kong – MBBS, MBChB
Hungary – dr. med. univ.
Iceland – cand.med., MD
India – MBBS, MD, MS, DNB
Indonesia – dr., S.Ked
Iran – MD
Iraq – MBChB
Ireland – BM BS, LRCP&SI, MB BCh BAO
Israel – MD
Italy – MD
Japan – MD
Jordan – MBBS
Kenya – MBChB, Mmed
Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) – MBBS
Kuwait – BMBCh
Kyrgyzstan – MD
Lebanon – MBBS
Lebanon – MD
Libya – MBBCh
Malaysia – MBBS, MD, MobGyn
Myanmar – MBBS, Dr.Med.Sc, M.Med. Sc
Nepal – MBBS
Netherlands – MD
New Zealand – MBChB
Nigeria – MBBS, MBChB
Norway – cand.med., MD
Pakistan – MBBS, FCPS
Panama – MD
Philippines – MD
Poland – MD
Portugal – LM
PR China – MBBS, MBChB, Bmed, MOG, PhD
Qatar – MD
Russia – MBBS, MD
Singapore – MBBS, MD, MSc
Somalia – MBBS, MBChB
South Africa – MBBCh, MBChB, Mmed, FCMSA
South Korea – MD
South Sudan – MBBS
Spain – BSc Med, MSc Med
Sri Lanka – MBBS
Sudan – BMBCh
Syria – MD
Taiwan – MD
Tanzania – Mmed
Thailand – MD
Tunisia – MD
UAE – MBBS
Uganda – MBChB, Mmed, PhD
Uruguay – MD, MS
USA – MD, ABOG Certification
West Africa – FWACP, FWACS
© Dr Sudipta Paul, themedideas.com, 2013
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