G-Y in Gynaecology: Definitions & Terminologies – themedideas Facts & Figures

  • Friday, June 28th, 2013

Update on 31.10.2016.

Exam pic 2

Evidence Based unbiased information

Definitions & Terminologies are like the name of a person. These provide a glimpse about the topic. Dealing with the topic, whether in the exam or in clinical practice, without a fair idea of the Definitions & Terminologies would be like talking to a person without knowing his/her name or background. Knowing the Definitions & Terminologies would be like being introduced to the topic before dealing with it as we do before dealing with a person.

The Definitions, Terminologies and Abbreviations in Gynaecology have been included here in an alphabetical order for ease of reference.

 

A
Adenomyosis

Ectopic presence of endometrial tissue within the myometrium

Adolescence

Adolescere = to grow (Latin)

Adrenogenital syndrome

Ambiguous genitalia due to congenital adrenal hyperplasia

AFC
AID
AIH
AMH
Amenorrhoea (pathological)

Absence of menstruation for 6months, not due to pregnancy, in a woman of child-bearing age

(Amenorrhoea during pregnancy, lactation, before menarche and after menopause is physiological)

(Amenorrhoea during administration of drugs such as depoprovera or GnRH analogues is iatrogenic)

Anterior colporrhaphy
Arias-Stella reaction
Aspermia
Azoospermia
A4
B
Bicornuate uterus

Only the lower parts of the Mullerian ducts fuse and it consists of two uterine horns, single or double cervix and vagina.

Blighted ovum
BMI
BSO
C
CA 125
CC
Complete Hydatidiform Mole (CHM)
CIN
CIN I
CIN II
CINIII
Climacteric
Colposcopy
Colposuspension
Complete miscarriage
Condyloma acuminata
Cystocele
Cystometry
Cystoscopy
D
Deep dyspareunia
Delayed puberty

No pubertal signs by 18 years

Dermoid cyst
DHEA
DHEAS
D21 P
DUH
Dysmenorrheoa
Dyspareunia
E
Ectopic pregnancy (EP)
ELA
Endometrioma (chocolate cyst)
Endometriosis
Enterocele
ERPC
E1
E2
E3
F
FAI
Falloposcopy (tuboscopy)
Fecundity
Fertility
Fibroid (myoma) – uterus
Fothergill’s (Manchester) operation
FSH
G
Genital prolapse
GIFT
GnRH
GnRHa
GTD
H
Hirsutism
Hot flush
HRT
HSG
Hyperprolactinaemia

Serum prolactin concentration greater than 800 miu/l

Hypomenorrhoea
Hysterectomy
Hysteroscopy
I
Iatrogenic DUH
ICSI
IMB
Imperforate vagina

Occurs due to failure in breakdown of the wall between the Mullerian and sinovaginal bulb (frequently misdiagnosed as imperforate hymen that is less common).

Incomplete miscarriage
Inevitable miscarriage
Infertility
Intersex
Invasive mole
IUCD
IUS
IUI
IVF-ET
J

Nil

K
Kallman’s syndrome

Anosmia or hyposmia with delayed pubertal development or primary amenorrhoea due to congenital absence of GnRH.

Klinefelter’s syndrome
L
Laparoscopy
Lap & dye
Lap Steri
LASER
LAVH
LH
M
Macroadenoma (macroprolactinoma)

Prolactinoma measuring more than 1cm in diameter

Menarche (onset of menstruation)

Men = month (Greek)

Arche = origin (Greek)

Menopause
Menorrhagia (Hypermenorrhoea)
Menometrorrhagia
Metrorrhagia
Microadenoma (microprolactinoma)

Prolactinoma measuring less than 1cm in diameter

Miscarriage
Missed (delayed) miscarriage
Mirena IUS
MRKH syndrome
Muller-Rokitansky-Kuster-Hauser (MRKH) syndrome

Absence of the uterus or presence of a rudimentary uterus due to failure of Mullerian duct development.

MTOP
Mullerian duct

Paramesonephric duct (forms the fallopian tubes, uterus and upper 3/4th of vagina in the female)

N
Nd-YAG laser
Necrozoospermia
O
Oligomenorrhoea

Infrequent uterine bleeding at intervals between 6 weeks and 6 months.

Oligospermia
Oligozoospermia
Oophorectomy
Overflow incontinence
Ovarian cystectomy
Ovariotomy
17-OH
P
Partial Hydatidiform Mole (PHM)
PCB
PFR
PID
PMB

Postmenopausal bleeding

PMS
Polycystic ovary

Presence of more than 10 follicles of 2-10mm in each ovary distributed peripherally with echogenic stroma on ultrasound scan.

Polycystic ovarian syndrome

It is characterised by amenorrhoea/oligomenorrhoea, hirsutism, infertility, obesity and polycystic ovaries and is associated with insulin resistance, hyperinsulinaemia and hyperandrogenaemia.

(In women of reproductive age, the incidence of polycystic ovaries on ultrasound scan is about 20%, the incidence of polycystic ovarian syndrome is about 5-7%. The presence of polycystic ovaries on ultrasound scan does not necessarily mean the presence of polycystic ovarian syndrome.)

Polymenorrhoea (Epimenorrhoea)
Polyzoospermia
POF
Posterior colpo-perineorrhaphy
Post-pill amenorrhoea
Pseudohermaphroditism – Female
Pseudohermaphroditism – Male
Precocious puberty

Thelarche (breast development) before the 8th year or menarche before the 10th year

Primary Amenorrhoea
Primary DUH
Primary dysmenorrhoea
Primary dyspareunia
Primary infertility
PRL
Procidentia
Progestogens
Prolactinoma

Tumour of the prolactin producing cells in the anterior pituitary

Puberty

Pubertas = adulthood (Latin)

PUL
Q

Nil

R
Radical hysterectomy
Rectocele
Recurrent miscarriages
Residual Trophoblastic Disease (RTD)
Resistant ovary syndrome

Ovarian follicles temporarily unresponsive to optimal concentration of gonadotrophins.

Retroponation (retroposition) of the uterus
Retroflexion of the uterus
Retroversion of the uterus
RVF
S
Salpingectomy
Salpingo-oophorectomy
Salpingostomy
Salpingotomy
Scondary Amenorrhoea

Absence of menstruation for 6 months, not due to pregnancy, during the reproductive age

Secondary DUH
Secondary dysmenorrhoea
Secondary dyspareunia
Secondary infertility
Septic abortion
SHBG
SI
Sheehan’s syndrome

Secondary amenorrhoea due to failure of the anterior pituitary function as a consequence of necrosis due to hypovolaemic shock (e.g. postpartum haemorrhage).

SSF
Sterility
STOP
Subfertility
Subtotal hysterectomy
Superficial dyspareunia
T
TAH
TAH + BSO
TCRE
Teratozoospermia
Testicular feminisation syndrome
TET
Threatened miscarriage
TOP
TOT
Total hysterectomy
Transformation zone of the cervix
Triad of endometriosis
T3
T4
TSH
Turner’s syndrome
TVT
U
Unicornuate uterus

Develops from only one Mullerian duct and consists of the uterus and one Fallopian tube

Urethrocele
Urge incontinence
Urinary incontinence
Urinary stress incontinence
Urodynamics
USG
Uterine prolapse
Uterus didelphys

Develops due to complete failure of fusion of the Mullerian ducts and consists of two uteri and cervices.

V
Vaginismus
VAIN
VIN
Virilism
VTOP
Vulvoscopy
VVF
W
Ward-Mayo’s operation
Wolffian duct

Mesonephric duct (forms the vas deferens, ejaculatory duct, trigone of the bladder and part of prostatic urethra in the male)

X

Nil

Y

Nil

Z
ZIFT

 

Author

 

© Dr Sudipta Paul, themedideas.com, 2013

Tags: ,

 



There are no comments yet, add one below.

Leave a Comment


You must be logged in to post a comment.

Gynaecology / Gynecology

Services O&G Health

Thromboembolism