Quotabit 91. “Be as you like” (05.11.2014.)
“If you are like the Moon, you would revolve around the Earth.
If you are like the Earth, you would revolve around the Sun and the Moon would revolve around you.
If you are like the Sun, you would revolve around the Centre of the Universe, and the Earth and other planets in the solar system would revolve around you.
If you are like the Centre of the Universe, you would not revolve around anybody and all the planets and stars in the Universe would revolve around you.
Be as you like”
Quotabit 92. “Courage” (05.11.2014.)
“Courage is the most important of all the virtues because without courage, you can’t practice any other virtue consistently.”
Quotabit 93. “Happiness” (05.11.2014.)
“Happiness is not the absence of problems, it’s the ability to deal with them.”
Quotabit 94. “Copyright” (05.11.2014.)
“Copyright is the right to copy own writing!”
Quotabit 95. Copy vs Original” (05.11.2014.)
“It is better to live your own destiny imperfectly than to live an imitation of somebody else’s life with perfection.”
Quotabit 96. “Being nice” (05.11.2014.)
“Hiding how you really feel and trying to make everyone happy doesn’t make you nice, it just makes you a liar.”
Quotabit 97. “Born with a silver spoon in the mouth”
“I was not born with a silver spoon in my mouth, but with a useful tongue as everybody else!”
Quotabit 98. “God, Religions and Matter” (09.11.2014.)
“As the same matter takes different forms and shapes in different conditions of temperature and pressure (?possibly time), God takes different forms and shapes in different religions, societies and cultures at different times.”
For example water is usually in liquid form, visible but transparent, at usual atmospheric temperature and pressure. Below the freezing point (varies according to the atmospheric pressure) it forms ice that is visible and opaque, and may contain hundreds to thousands of ice crystals. Above the boiling point (varies according to the atmospheric pressure) it forms water vapour that is invisible.
In Hinduism there are several Gods and Goddesses of different forms and shapes with visible statues and pictures, so were in ancient Greek, Egyptian and Roman religions. This is like the ice form of water (visible) with multiple ice crystals. The Abrahamic religions like Christianity, Islam and Judaism believe in invisible God like the water vapour form of water (invisible). The Protestant belief in Jesus Christ is like a part of the water vapour in the Heaven descending to the Earth as a piece of ice/water.
Reference on Religion
Quotabit 99. “Injustice to Money” (09.11.2014.)
“Money is nothing but a medium for exchange of goods and services like the electricity for exchange of one form of energy to another (mechanical, heat, nuclear or solar to mechanical, heat or light). Money was not devised to buy ‘happiness’, ‘peace’ (debatable), ‘love’, ‘luck’, ‘trust’, ‘talent’, ‘respect’, immortality etc etc (the list is endless).”
Money was devised to bring uniformity in exchange of goods and services. I feel so sorry for ‘money’ when people criticise that money cannot buy this and that. They are equally wrong as people saying that money can buy everything. This reminds me the famous quote by Albert Einstein:
I believe that ‘money’ feels the same way as the fish! The car is meant for transport. Would it be appropriate to expect it to wash clothes or cook foods?
History of money
“The history of money concerns the development of means of carrying out transactions involving a physical medium of exchange. Money is any clearlyidentifiable object of value that is generally accepted as payment for goods and services and repayment of debts within a market or which is legal tenderwithin a country. Many things have been used as medium of exchange in markets including, for example, livestock and sacks of cereal grain (from which the Shekel is derived) – things directly useful in themselves, but also sometimes merely attractive items such as cowry shells or beads were exchanged for more usefulcommodities. Precious metals from which early coins were made fall into this second category. Numismatics is the scientific study of money and its history in all its varied forms. Non-monetary exchange
With barter, an individual possessing any surplus of value, such as a measure of grain or a quantity of livestock could directly exchange that for something perceived to have similar or greater value or utility, such as a clay pot or a tool. The capacity to carry out barter transactions is limited in that it depends on a coincidence of wants. The seller of food grain has to find the buyer who wants to buy grain and who also could offer in return something the seller wants to buy. There is no agreed standard measure into which both seller and buyer could exchange commodities according to their relative value of all the various goods and services offered by other potential barter partners.
David Kinley considers the theory of Aristotle to be flawed because the philosopher probably lacked sufficient understanding of the ways and practices of primitive communities, and so may have formed his opinion from personal experience and conjecture. In his book Debt: The First 5000 Years, anthropologist David Graeber argues against the suggestion that money was invented to replace barter. The problem with this version of history, he suggests, is the lack of any supporting evidence. His research indicates that “gift economies” were common, at least at the beginnings of the first agrarian societies, when humans used elaborate credit systems. Graeber proposes that money as a unit of account was invented the moment when the unquantifiable obligation “I owe you one” transformed into the quantifiable notion of “I owe you one unit of something”. In this view, money emerged first as credit and only later acquired the functions of a medium of exchange and a store of value.
In a gift economy, valuable goods and services are regularly given without any explicit agreement for immediate or future rewards (i.e. there is no formal quid pro quo). Ideally, simultaneous or recurring giving serves to circulate and redistribute valuables within the community. There are various social theories concerning gift economies. Some consider the gifts to be a form of reciprocal altruism. Another interpretation is that implicit “I owe you” debt and social status are awarded in return for the “gifts”. Consider for example, the sharing of food in some hunter-gatherer societies, where food-sharing is a safeguard against the failure of any individual’s daily foraging. This custom may reflect altruism, it may be a form of informal insurance, or may bring with it social status or other benefits. The emergence of money Anatolian obsidian as a raw material for stone-age tools was distributed as early as 12,000 B.C., with organized trade occurring in the 9th millennium.(Cauvin; Chataigner 1998) In Sardinia, one of the four main sites for sourcing the material deposits of obsidian within the Mediterranean, trade in this was replaced in the 3rd millennium by trade in copper and silver. As early as 9000 BC both grain and cattle were used as money or as barter (Davies) (the first grain remains found, considered to be evidence of pre-agricultural practice date to 17,000 BC). The importance of grain with respect to the value of money is inherent in language where the term for a small quantity of gold was “grain of gold”. In the earliest instances of trade with money, the things with the greatest utility and reliability in terms of re-use and re-trading of these things (their marketability), determined the nature of the object or thing chosen to exchange. So as in agricultural societies, things needed for efficient and comfortable employment of energies for the production of cereals and the like were the most easy to transfer to monetary significance for direct exchange. As more of the basic conditions of the human existence were met to the satisfaction of human needs, so the division of labour increased to create new activities for the use of time to solve more advanced concerns. As people’s needs became more refined, so indirect exchange became more likely as the physical separation of skilled labourers (suppliers) from their prospective clients (demand) required the use of a medium common to all communities, to facilitate a wider market.
Quotabit 100. “Iceberg of Life” (09.11.2014.)
“Life is like the iceberg floating in sea water, only 1/10th visible on the surface”